Liposuction and body contouring |Prof.Mahmoud Zakaria
Liposuction and body contouring

Liposuction and body contouring |Prof.Mahmoud Zakaria

Liposuction and body contouring

Obesity is a disease that has existed since ancient times, but it was not as common as it is now. In 1997 the World Health Organization declared a statement saying that obesity is a global epidemic as it causes more than 47 diseases. The World Health Organization also declared in 2005 that there are 400 million people worldwide who are obese, most of them women, and there are two kinds of obesity (obesity and local obesity).

What is obesity? 

The linguistic definition: It means anything that is more than normal or full.

The medical definition: The presence of excess weight over the ideal weight provided that this overweight is fat.

History of obesity: Obesity is an ancient disease, as previously mentioned and the first people to know about obesity were the Greeks.

What is local obesity?

Local obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in a specific area of the body such as the waist and buttocks in women, which leads to the appearance of the body asymmetric and prevents the wearing of appropriate clothes.

Method of calculating the ideal weight

First, the ideal weight is the ratio of height to weight.

There are two ways to know your ideal weight:

The simple method: Calculate a man’s height in centimeters and subtract 100 from it. For women, calculate height and subtract 105 from it, because the nature of a man’s body differs from that of a woman.

The accurate method: Using the body mass index (BMI).

BMI is the weight in kilograms divided by the height in meters squared.

Example: A person weighs 130 and the height is 170 cm, which is equivalent to 1.7 meters. We divide 130 by 1.7 twice and the result is the BMI.

If we find the result is from 18.5 to 25 kg/m2, it is an ideal weight, and it should be maintained.

If the result found is from 25 to 30 kg/m2, it is overweight that can be treated only with exercise and following a healthy diet.

If we find the result from 30 to 35 kg/m2, it is first-degree obesity.

If the result is from 35 to 40 kg/m2, it is second-degree obesity which is a high risk.

Finally, if the result is more than 40 kg/m2, then it is extreme obesity which is the highest degree of obesity.

The risks of obesity to human health

Obesity causes more than 47 diseases:

  1.  Blood Hypertension.
  2.  Diabetes mellitus.
  3. Atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries, which leads to angina and sudden death.
  4. Coronary insufficiency.
  5.  Peripheral artery disease.
  6. Delayed pregnancy.
  7.  Gallstones.
  8.  Sleep apnea leads to death.


Also, obese patients are more likely to have cancer:

  • Kidney cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Rectal cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Breast cancer

It is known that treating the causes of the disease prevents the occurrence of the disease.

Causes of obesity:

  • One of the main causes of obesity is neglecting regular exercise.
  • Not following diets and not regulating the quality and quantity of food. 
  • Eating unhealthy fast food is full of saturated fats, that is, animal fats, which are fats that stay on the wall of blood vessels in the heart. This causes coronary artery failure, peripheral artery disease, and arteriosclerosis.

Methods of treating local obesity:

  1. Liposuction.
  2. Laser liposuction.
  3. Fat removal using chemicals.
  4. Excision of sagging skin.

Obesity treatment:

  • First: Regular exercise and following a healthy diet.
  • Second: Surgical operations.

If you have morbid obesity and regular exercise plus following a healthy diet fail, then you should go to a specialist surgeon to undergo a surgical procedure that suits your condition. These operations include Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery.